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Vision Therapy for Dyslexia, ADD/ADHD, & Learning Disabilities

All too often, it is an undiagnosed vision problem that’s at the root of the struggle to focus at a distance (such as the board), maintain concentration, or skip lines while reading. This can result in frustration and boredom and can be responsible or an overlooked component of a child’s diagnosis with ADD/ADHD or a learning disability.

If your child displays poor attention in school, don’t automatically assume that it’s a learning disability, Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). By undergoing a thorough eye evaluation (also known as a functional eye exam), Susan Mulderrig, Jared Herzberg, Jordan Rendert, Debbie Staw and Eric Waldo may conclude that the issue isn’t, in fact, ADHD, but rather a functional vision problem, which can be corrected with a highly effective vision therapy program.

Good Eyesight Is Not the Same as Having Good Vision

Your child may pass the vision screening exam with flying colors or get corrective lenses, yet continue to struggle to see the board or read from a book. A basic eye exam doesn’t check how well the eyes work together as a team, how quickly the eyes focus when moving from one visual plane to another, or how smoothly the eyes move across the page when reading.

The only way to ensure that all the essential visual skills are working correctly is by undergoing a functional vision exam.

Vision Problems In Any of the Following Areas Can Significantly Impact Learning

  • eye tracking skills – eyes following a line of print
  • eye teaming skills – two eyes working together as a synchronized team
  • binocular vision – simultaneously blending the images from both eyes into one image
  • accommodation – eye focusing
  • visual-motor integration – eye-hand coordination
  • visual perception – visual memory, visual form perception, and visualization

Any of these can lead a child to struggle to make sense of the information taken in through his or her eyes. Visual processing issues, such as dyslexia, can cause your child to experience difficulties when reading, leading him or her to confuse words and word-order. This makes bright children seem like they perpetually can’t grasp the subject at hand, which, in turn, can result in secondary behavioral issues.

Is it a Learning Disabilities, ADHD or a Vision Problem?

Is it Really a Learning Difficulty?

80% of learning is related to a child’s visual capabilities. Vision problems, such as blurry vision, headaches from eye strain or itchy eyes will cause a child to struggle with reading, writing, and homework assignments — similar to what a child with a learning difficulty would experience.

Is it Really ADHD?

Kids with functional vision problems can produce a similar set of symptoms to those found in ADHD. Because they struggle to make sense of information taken in through their eyes, they may have trouble focusing at school, fidget or squirm in their seats and make careless mistakes. The frustration can even lead them to act out and disrupt the classroom.

How Can Vision Therapy Help My Child?

girl covering her face floweersVision therapy is an individually-tailored regimen of eye exercises made to improve and strengthen visual functions and retrain the brain to interpret visual input more accurately. It’s often compared to physical therapy, but for the eyes.

Vision therapy exercises improve:

  • Contrast sensitivity
  • Eye teaming
  • Focusing
  • Hand-eye coordination
  • Visual perception
  • Visual tracking

For example, if your 8-year old son is cross-eyed (strabismus), he may be asked to hold a pencil and focus on it while slowly moving it towards his face, and then away again. This trains both eyes to focus on a single object simultaneously.

If your 4th-grade daughter isn’t seeing the board clearly in school, her vision therapy could include lenses and prisms. The doctor may have her look through different kinds of lenses or special prisms held at different angles. This will teach her eyes to better focus on images or objects at various distances.

Your 3rd grader is intuitive and intelligent. Only now, she’s expected to read more challenging books and do more complex schoolwork. This becomes a struggle as she cannot make sense of the words on the page. That’s where vision therapy can help.

How Long Will It Take To See Results With Vision Therapy?

Some gains can be seen fairly soon, but it can take up to 6 months to realize significant results. Naturally, this depends on each patient, their unique therapy regimen and their compliance to the program. Vision therapy includes in-office and home exercises, visual aids, or eyeglasses, and involves close monitoring and follow-up appointments. Over the course of the program, Susan Mulderrig, Jared Herzberg, Jordan Rendert, Debbie Staw and Eric Waldo will decide how many visits are needed to achieve optimal results.

Do you think your child’s learning disability or ADHD-like symptoms may be the result of a vision problem? Schedule a functional vision evaluation with The Vision Therapy Center at EyeCare Associates to find out. If it is determined by Susan Mulderrig, Jared Herzberg, Jordan Rendert, Debbie Staw and Eric Waldo that the issue, in fact, vision-related, a customized vision therapy program will be provided.

We serve those from Trumbull, Southport, Norwalk, and Stamford, and throughout Connecticut.


Dear Valued Patient,

With all the news and information coming out about the coronavirus disease (COVID-19), we are taking necessary precautions to ensure the health and safety of you as our patient, our staff, and our community. In addition, we are continuously checking for updates from both the Center for Disease Control (CDC) and the American Optometric Association (AOA) on guidelines as to what, we as your health care provider must do and be aware of. All of our offices are diligently practicing proper hygiene through handwashing by both the optometrists and staff, and the disinfecting of all of our equipment and surfaces in the waiting room, pre-testing, optical, and exam rooms.

In addition, we are advising any of our patients with flu-like symptoms including fever, cough, and shortness of breath to stay home, as well as those who have traveled to any country on the CDC advisory list in the last 14 days. For those who are not experiencing any of the symptoms listed above, we advise taking similar precautionary measures such as washing your hands often and disinfecting and cleaning any frequently touched surfaces.

If you are considering changing or cancelling an upcoming appointment please call one of our offices and discuss options with a friendly staff member. Your health and safety is a priority to us, so any same day cancellations due to illness will not be subjected to a $50 cancellation fee due to the circumstances. Otherwise, we look forward to your visit and will hopefully see you soon! For more information on COVID-19, ways to stay healthy, and what to look out for, please visit the

Thank You, Eye Care Associates, P.C.