Skip to main content

TRUMBULL
6515 Main Street, Suite 8L
Trumbull, CT 06611

SOUTHPORT
2600 Post Road
Southport, CT 06890

NORWALK
444 Westport Avenue
Norwalk, CT 06851

STAMFORD
1425 Bedford Street
Stamford, CT 06905

Trumbull
203-457-8799
Southport
203-457-8663
Norwalk
203-457-8544
Stamford
203-457-8744

Overview

Macular Degeneration, which is also known as Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD), because it is usually associated with aging, is a leading cause of vision loss in adults aged 50 and older. The disease is characterized by a gradual loss of central vision and can occur in one eye or both eyes simultaneously.

Understanding AMD

Macular Degeneration is a disease that damages the macula, which is the center of the retina responsible for sharp visual acuity in the central field of vision. The breakdown of the macula eventually results in the loss of central vision and the ability to see fine details. While AMD doesn’t result in complete blindness, the quality of vision is severely compromised leading to what we refer to as “low vision”.

The loss of central vision can interfere with the performance of everyday tasks such as driving, reading, writing, cooking, or even recognizing faces of friends and family. The good news is, there are many low vision aides on the market now that can assist in helping you to perform these tasks.

Wet and Dry AMD

There are two types of AMD, wet and dry.

Dry AMD is the most common form of the disease. It is characterized by blurred central vision or blind spots, as the macula begins to deteriorate. Dry AMD is less severe than the wet form, but can progress to wet AMD rapidly.

Wet AMD is when abnormal blood vessels begin to grow under the retina and leak fluid and blood into the macula, causing distortions in vision. Wet AMD can cause permanent scarring if not treated quickly, so any sudden blur in vision should be assessed immediately, especially if one is aware that they have AMD.

Are You at Risk?

Awareness about the disease, the risk factors and prevention are critical, even for younger generations because taking care of your eyes while you are young will help to reduce the risks later on in life.

The biggest risk factor for AMD is age. Individuals over 60 are most likely to develop the disease however it can occur earlier. Additional risk factors include:

  • Smoking: According to research smoking can double the risk of AMD.
  • Genetics and Family History: If AMD runs in your family you are at a higher risk. Scientists have also identified a number of particular genes that are associated with the disease.
  • Race: Caucasians are more likely to have AMD than those from Hispanic or African-American descent.
  • Lifestyle: Obesity, high cholesterol or blood pressure, poor nutrition and inactivity all contribute to the likelihood of getting AMD.

Prevention of AMD:

If you have risk factors, here is what you can do to prevent or slow the progression of AMD:

  • Regular eye exams; once a year especially if you are 50 or over.
  • Stop smoking.
  • Know your family history and inform your eye doctor.
  • Proper nutrition and regular exercise: Research indicates that a healthy diet rich in “Eyefoods” with key nutrients for the eyes such as orange peppers, kale and spinach as well as regular exercise may reduce your risks or slow the progression of AMD.
  • Maintain healthy cholesterol levels and blood pressure.
  • Dietary supplements: Studies by the National Eye Institute called AREDs and ARED2 indicated that a high dosage of supplements of zinc, vitamin C, vitamin E and lutein may slow the progression of advanced dry AMD (it is not recommended for those without AMD or early AMD). Speak to a doctor before taking these supplements because there may be associated risks involved.
  • Wear 99% -100% UV-blocking sunglasses.

The first step to eye health is awareness. By knowing your risk, taking preventative measures and visiting your eye doctor on a regular basis, you can greatly reduce your chances of facing this debilitating disease.

x

Dear Valued Patient,

With all the news and information coming out about the coronavirus disease (COVID-19), we are taking necessary precautions to ensure the health and safety of you as our patient, our staff, and our community. In addition, we are continuously checking for updates from both the Center for Disease Control (CDC) and the American Optometric Association (AOA) on guidelines as to what, we as your health care provider must do and be aware of. All of our offices are diligently practicing proper hygiene through handwashing by both the optometrists and staff, and the disinfecting of all of our equipment and surfaces in the waiting room, pre-testing, optical, and exam rooms.

In addition, we are advising any of our patients with flu-like symptoms including fever, cough, and shortness of breath to stay home, as well as those who have traveled to any country on the CDC advisory list in the last 14 days. For those who are not experiencing any of the symptoms listed above, we advise taking similar precautionary measures such as washing your hands often and disinfecting and cleaning any frequently touched surfaces.

If you are considering changing or cancelling an upcoming appointment please call one of our offices and discuss options with a friendly staff member. Your health and safety is a priority to us, so any same day cancellations due to illness will not be subjected to a $50 cancellation fee due to the circumstances. Otherwise, we look forward to your visit and will hopefully see you soon! For more information on COVID-19, ways to stay healthy, and what to look out for, please visit the CDC.gov.

Thank You, Eye Care Associates, P.C.